Turkey’s Neighbours

Turkey’s Neighbours
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Turkey has a very important location, connecting two continents: Asia and Europe. Therefore, the country has neighbours in both Europe and the Middle East. It connects the continents, cultures, values and people of these two continents. You can say that it is a bridge that connects the world. Especially the Bosporus is very important in terms of connecting two major seas: the Black Sea and the Aegean Sea.

Turkey is surrounded by four seas: the Black Sea, Marmara Sea, Mediterranean Sea and the Aegean Sea. Our country has eight neighbouring countries and many border gates.

Here is some basic information on the neighbouring countries of Turkey.

Greece:

  • On the west side of Turkey, Karaagac border gate is the first gate opened for the Turkish Republic.
  • Currency: Euro
  • Capital: Athens
  • Language: Greek
  • Gates: Uzunkopru, İpsala, Karaagac – Pazarkule

Bulgaria:

  • The western side of Turkey.
  • Currency: Leva
  • Capital: Sofia
  • Language: Bulgarian
  • Gates: Aziziye, Kapikule

Georgia:

  • It became a neighbour of Turkey when the USSR ended on December 25, 1991. It is on the east side of Turkey.
  • Currency: Georgian Lari
  • Capital: Tbilisi
  • Language: Georgian
  • Gates: Turkgozu, Sarp

Armenia:

  • Similar to Georgia, when the USSR ended on December 25, 1991, it turned into one of Turkeys neighbours. It is on the east side of Turkey. Both border gates between Turkey and Armenia are closed.
  • Currency: Armenian Dram
  • Capital: Erivan
  • Language: Armenian
  • Gates: Akyaka, Alican

Iran:

  • It is the first and oldest neighbour of the Turkish Republic.
  • Currency: Iran Riyal
  • Capital: Tehran
  • Language: Farsi
  • Gates: Gurbulak, Esendere, Kapikoy

Iraq:

  • Southside of Turkey.
  • Currency: Iraqi Dinar
  • Capital: Baghdad
  • Language: Arabic
  • Gates: Habur, Derecik, Uzumlu, Gulyuzu

Azerbaijan:

  • Currency: Azerbaijani Manat
  • Capital: Baku
  • Language: Azerbaijani
  • Gates: Dilucu

Syria:

  • Syria Is on the eastern side of Turkey. Syria is the neighbour of Turkey with the longest borderland largest number of border gates.
  • Currency: Syrian Lira
  • Capital: Damascus
  • Language: Arabic
  • Gates: Cizre, Mursitpinar, Girmeli, Senyurt, Caylanpinar, Akcakale, Karkamis, Cilvegozu, Oncupinar, Islahiye, Yayladagi, Cobanbey